Soil Stabilization with Top-Seal
PROMOTED AND SOLD IN MORE THAN 30 COUNTRIES
TOP-SEAL®   is an environmentally safe,  general purpose liquid soil additive  that is mixed with water  and used for
controlling and managing a variety of soil conditions.  When properly applied in sufficient quantities, Top-Seal will effectively
eliminate or prevent the following problems:   
base failure of paved and unpaved roads,  dust pollution,  soil erosion, and
loss of water from ponds and reservoirs. The various versions and applications for Top-Seal are described below.
BASE STABILIZATION of PAVED ROADS. Top-Seal is used for  
stabilization  of  any  type of  soil base for which a  wearing surface
has been prescribed.  This includes
roadways, parking lots, airfield
runways
,  and any other  type of traffic area  that will be covered
with asphalt, chip-seal, or even concrete.  When Top-Seal  is used  
properly  in sufficient  quantities,  
road  base strength will be
significantly increased
,  and penetration by moisture  will be  
greatly  reduced.   As depicted  by  the  chart (
right),  laboratory  
testing  has  revealed  that  the  presence of Top-Seal  in a soil sample  
can increase the strength by as much as  
3,000 percent!  Please
contact SCI for more information on
guaranteed performance with
Top-Seal.
SEE THE TOP-SEAL DIFFERENCE.  The photo of the road
featured on the
left was taken approximately 6 years after
completion of construction.  The area shown
below the yellow line
had been stabilized with Top-Seal.  The upper section (
above the
yellow line) was not treated with Top-Seal, and it shows that the
wearing lanes are dark and worn out as a result of a general failure
of the base.  As the untreated section continues for approximately a
mile, there are many patches where potholes and cracks had
occurred.  The Top-Seal section, stretching for a mile in the
opposite direction had no potholes or cracks and it remained in that
condition for several years afterwards.  Top-Seal is an excellent
choice for stabilization of paved surfaces.
EQUIPMENT  and  CONSTRUCTION  PROCEDURES.       Top-Seal  is  easily  accommodated  into  routine  construction
procedures with no requirement  for  special  equipment  or  handling  considerations.  Typically,  all that is needed is a
motor
grader
,  water  truck,  and a  compactor that is suitable  for the  type of soil being treated.    During application into the soil,
Top-Seal is simply  diluted  with water and  distributed into the area of coverage in sufficient quantities to bind and  transform
a  traffic  base  into  a  solid  mass  of  tightly  cemented  soil  particles.    After a  wearing surface is applied over a  Top-Seal
stabilized base,  the life-cycle of the road will be significantly extended and the cost of maintenance and reconstruction will be
greatly reduced.
CEMENT BASED STABILIZATION.    Field testing by the
Texas (USA) Department of Transportation has revealed that
Top-Seal  strength  capabilities  are  comparable  to  cement
stabilization  at  a  significantly  lesser cost.   The amount of  
cement  can be  reduced by  as much  as  50 percent   when
supplemented  and  stabilized  with  Top- Seal  in a soil base.
Most importantly,  the performance  of the  cement  will  be
greatly  enhanced  while  saving  as much  as  40 percent  
in  the  process.    The  plasticity  characteristics  of  
Top-Seal  also  help create  a more flexible base with the
cement.  This will  create  a  lower  threshold  for fracturing
of the cement and  it  will  lead  to  a significant  reduction  
in  the  cost of maintenance.
RECYCLING and STABILIZATION of OLD ASPHALT
ROADS
. The recycling of old worn asphalt roads is one of
the best uses for Top-Seal. The  product  is environmentally
safe,   and therefore,   it  is  an  excellent  alternative  to  the  
increasingly  unfavorable  method of depositing more asphalt
emulsions into the soil.  

The  core  sample  on  the  
right  was  made  by  the  Texas
Department of transportation using  Top-Seal  as the primary
additive for cold in-place cycling of an old asphalt road.  The
results of  pulverizing asphalt and  mixing it in-place with the
old  base are  dramatically  enhanced  by the  introduction of
Top-Seal  as  a  superior stabilizer  that will  tightly bind it all
together.  There  are  significant  advantages  in using Top-
Seal  in  the renovation of old asphalt roads:

  • No special handling procedures
  • No special equipment or heating tanks
  • Superior binding capacity
  • Less expensive and more effective
  • Easier to apply
  • Longer lasting
The  most important benefit  from using  Top-Seal  with old
asphalt  is that the  process of  excavating and  disposing of
the old asphalt in accordance with very strict environmental
laws  can be  completely  eliminated.  This saves time,
money, and labor, while achieving superior results.  Overall,
a tremendous savings  and  superior  performance  can be  
expected from using  Top-Seal  as the  primary additive  in
the recycling of old asphalt roads.
The  core  sample,  on  the  left,  contains   Top-Seal   and
cement  The sample was  taken from  a  road  stabilized by  
the  Texas Department of Transportation  (TXDOT) in East
Texas, USA.  TXDOT  tests   revealed that  Top-Seal  alone
produced   greater  strength in a road  base  than  a  
cement  only section in the same road.   However, when
combining the two products together, superior results are
achieved with an even greater savings
STABILIZATION OF UNPAVED ROADS and DUST CONTROL.
Using  plain  water to  stabilize unpaved roads and to control dust  is  a
never-ending formidable  task that offers  little  more  than a few
hours of return on an  expensive  investment.    The  futility  and  
frustration  of  wasting time,  money,  and precious water resources  
is increased as the water quickly   evaporates  and  new clouds of  
pollution  are  again  released into the environment.   Fighting  dust  
pollution  with  plain  water  is a wasteful   outdated  method of
dealing  with  a  problem  that  is  more easily  and  less costly  solved
with an  initial  application of  Top-Seal, and occasional
re-applications  as  needed. Top-Seal  application  rates for dust
control  can  be varied  to  meet  proper  requirements  for  all  traffic
situations.
CONTROLLING DUST on HAUL ROADS and OTHER HEAVY
TRAFFIC AREAS
.   A special SCI program, known as HR-TS
(
Haul Roads with Top-Seal) is dedicated to controlling dust on roads
with extremely heavy traffic.  This program will yield
permanent and
guaranteed results when using Top-Seal as prescribed by SCI. The
success of this program with Top-Seal (under a different label) was
featured on the  cover of internationally distributed
Aggregates  
Manager
 magazine. The magazine article  revealed  that  this product
provided superior performance  under very heavy traffic conditions.   
The HR-TS™ Program is ideally suited for controlling dust pollution in
quarries, mines, airfields, large  truck  parking  lots,  industrial
zones
, forests,  and military staging areas.   More info.
STABILIZATION of  LANDFILL  LINERS and  SOIL  EROSION CONTROL.
Top-Seal  has a tremendous capacity  for making soil virtually  impermeable.  The
graph  compares the  US EPA  permeability coefficient of 1x10-7 for land fills with
the laboratory confirmed  permeability coefficient  for Top-Seal of 2.9x10-9.   Top-
Seal meets and exceeds the US EPA standard many times over, thereby establishing
itself as a  superior additive  for landfill composite liners.   The composite liner of a
landfill, or any soil embankment containing Top-Seal will be transformed into a solid
membrane  that  will  seal  itself against  liquid penetrations.  Substandard soils, that
would  otherwise  be  excavated  and  replaced,  can  be  treated  with Top-Seal  at
significant savings for landfill owners.
SOIL BLOCKS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF ADOBE HOMES.    Soil
blocks, produced by soil block machines (SBMs) can be treated with Top-
Seal's sister product,
Block-Seal.   In the photo. the  left block  was treated
with  Top-Seal,  and the
right block was treated with only water.  The blocks
were then left in the open air and, after a single rain  storm, the untreated
block had been  severely damaged while the Top-Seal  block  remained  solid  
and  fully  intact.  Top-Seal  is  an excellent  additive  for  all  types  of soil  
used  in the  manufacturing of  soil blocks.  Blocks produced with SCI’s soil
block machine,
The Village Builder™, are  guaranteed  to be  significantly  
stronger  and  less permeable than those that are  produced by the centuries
old  method of making blocks by hand.
AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS.     Top-Seal  is  an  agriculturally friendly  additive  that  promotes  healthy  growth  of
produce  at a  cost savings  that  pays  for  itself  many  times  over.   The  environmentally safe applications of  Top-Seal  on
farm  and  ranch roads  will virtually  eliminate the  hazards of  dust pollution  in areas  where  crops and livestock  are raised.
When crops and farm animals are rendered free of dust pollution, they are cleaner and much less affected by the deteriorative
invasion of airborne bacterium.  The livestock remains healthier, and the crops receive more sunlight as a result of the absence
of dust pollution.
OTHER PUBLICATIONS from SOILS CONTROL
INTERNATIONAL:

  • HR-TS™ Dust Pollution Control for Haul Roads   
  • Application Instructions for Top-Seal
  • The Village Builder™ (Soil Block Machine)          
  • Summary of Laboratory Testing Results
  • Construction of Landfills, Ponds, and Embankments
  • Controlling the Soils of the World™ (Photo Collection)
  • Top-Seal Questionnaire for Project Planning
For More Information on products and Soils Control International business opportunities, contact:
SOILS CONTROL INTERNATIONAL Inc.,  PO Box 200117,  Austin,  Texas  78720-0117 USA
TEL
: 254-526-5550 -  FAX: 512-233-0950  -  EMAIL: info@soilscontrol-usa.com
Copyright © 2004 Soils Control International, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
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  • Airfield Runway Construction
  • Pond / Lake Construction
  • Landfill Construction
  • Cold in-Place Recycling
  • Road Base Stabilization
  • Dust Pollution Control
  • Soil Erosion Control
  • Soil Block Housing
BEFORE
AFTER
®
Top-Seal is shipped in 55 gallon (208 liter) drums
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